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Organic Tomato Profile

TomatoTotamato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) is one of the most popular vegetable and is the world’s largest vegetable crop after potato and sweet potato. It is said to be the native of tropical America. World produces around 117 million tons of tomatoes from an area of 43 lakh hectares (average of 2001 to 2005). Globally, China is the largest tomato producing country almost contributing for 25% of world’s tomato production. The production in China during 2005 was During 2005 China was 31.64 million tons followed by USA with 12.76 million tons, Turkey 9.7 million tons, Italy 7.81 million tons and India and Egypt each with 7.6 million tons. These six countries contributed for around 60% of world’s tomatoes production. In India, annual production is 86 lakh tons which is 8.5% of the total vegetable production. Tomato occupies an area of 4.97 lakh hectares and it is about 7.3% of the total cropped land under vegetables. Tomato is widely grown across various states in the country. The states of Orissa (15%), Andhra Pradesh (14%), Karnataka (11%), Maharashtra (10%), West Bengal (8%) and Gujarat (5%) contribute more than 60% of the total Indian production. Tomato consumption in India is increasing gradually. Per capita consumption of tomato increased from 4.42 kg to 6.63 Kilogram annually during the period from 1991 to 2004 (FAO Report)
Improved varieties Yield (Q/ha)
Sioux 350
Pusa Early Dwarf 395
Co-1 380
CO 2 300
Punjab Chhuhara 200
PKM 1 300
Pusa Ruby 250
Paiyur-1 300
Arka Ashish 350
Arka Abha 250
Arka Alok 350
Shakthi 250
Hybrid varieties
Arka Vishal 750
Arka Vardan (FM Hybrid-2) 750
Pusa Hybrid 1 320
Pusa Hybrid 2 600
COTH 1 Hybrid Tomato 960
BRH-1 and BRH-2 (Arka Abhijit Arka Shresta) 690
Vaishali 600
Rupali 700
Naveen 700
Avinash 2 1200
MTH 4 800
Sadabahar 900
Gulmohar 900
Sonali 750
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Harvesting

Market tomatoes are ready for picking when the green colour begins to lighten. They are then still firm and well transportable.The full red colour develops just as well in storage as it does in the open, but not at temperatures over than 320C. In the vicinity of the market, it is advisable to pick in the pink or red condition so that the fruit appears more attractive. They continue to ripen slowly over the next several weeks. Whole plants may be uprooted and hung in sheltered locations, where fruit continues to ripen.

Harvest Seasons of Tomato in India

Harvesting patterns in IndiaSource: National Horticulture Board, India

Price volatility

Due to its high perishability in nature and disturbances in production and supply, tomato prices witness a high degree of volatility. The volatility percent in recent years were 40, 48, 44, 30 and 58 in Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and West Bengal respectively.