Organic Profile of Cereals

The production of world cereal was 2114 million tonnes (including rice in milled terms) in 2007 and it was 5.3 percent up from 2006.
Non Basmati Rice Basmati Rice
  Non-Basmati                  Basmati rice
The cereal production of India is around 239.13 million tonnes with the global share of 11.31 percent. It has been reported that there are 10000 varieties of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in the world and out of which the maximum number are from India. Any kind of rice other than basmati rice is called non-basmati rice. In fact, basmati rice equals to only 1 percent production of the total rice grown in India. India is the second largest rice producer in the world and has exported 51.02 lakh tons of non-basmati rice till January 2008. India's export of non basmati rice has increased from Rs. 3178.16 Crores (USD Million 717.90) in 2005-06 to Rs. 4243.07 Crores (USD Million 941.23) in 2006-07. Nigeria, Bangladesh, South Africa, U.A.E and Ivory Coast are the Major importing countries of Indian Non Basmati rice. India is also the largest producer and exporter of basmati rice in the world. The annual production in the country hovers at around 10-15 lakh (1-1.5 million) tonnes a year, of which around two-thirds is exported. The remaining is consumed within the country. Basmati rice is grown exclusively in the northern part of Western Punjab state (on both sides of the Indo-Pakistan border), Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh. In the international market, Pakistan is the sole competitor for India for basmati rice. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, U.K, U.A.E, Yemen are the major importers of Indian Basmati.
wheat maize

  Wheat                             Maize

India has the largest area in the world under wheat (Triticum spp.). Wheat cultivation has traditionally been dominated by the northern region of India. The northern states of Punjab and Haryana, Plains in India have been prolific wheat producers. With a production reaching ten times in past five years, India is today the second largest wheat producer in the whole world. India is also a major exporter of Wheat in the world. Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Benin and Thailand are the major destination for Indian Wheat.
Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most important cereal, and both its area and production have steadily increased during the past two decades. In India, the states of Uttar Pradesh Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Punjab account over 75 per cent of the area and production of this cereals in the country. Being an important cereal, over 85 per cent of its production in the country is consumed directly as food in various forms. The use of maize in animal feed, particularly for poultry, and in the starch industryis increasing.
Other coarse grains production in MY 2007/08 includes 7.7 million tons of sorghum (Sorghum vulgare Pers), 12.2 million tons of millet and 1.3 million tons barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) marketed in MY 2008/09. In India, during 2007/08, the export of corn was at 1.5 million tons mostly to South East Asian countries and the Middle East. Besides corn, India is also exporting some barley.